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Vocal Cord Lesions
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Vocal Cord Lesions refer to a group of benign and sometimes malignant abnormal growths that target the vocal cord. Receiving early treatment for vocal cord lesions is important to avoid persistent and prolonged voice problems.
Symptoms of vocal cord lesions include hoarseness, vocal fatigue, low pitch, gravelly voice, breathy voice, and unreliable voice. Symptoms may vary throughout the presence and/or progression of the vocal cord lesion. Vocal cord nodules form when calluses occur on both sides of the vocal cords. In many cases the lesions go away on their own, but in some cases further treatment is required.

Vocal cord polyp typically forms on a single side of the vocal cord and normally varies in shape and size. The condition can trigger diverse voice disturbances, but the extent of its impact varies as per polyp nature. A polyp may result from virus or from inflammatory conditions. Treatment often requires endoscopic removal.

Vocal cord cysts stand out as a firm tissue mass encased in a membrane. The cyst can form closer to the vocal cord surface or deeper. The degree of voice disturbance depends on the size and location of the cyst. A surgical procedure is the most effective treatment for the condition. Treating the various types of vocal cord lesions requires a unique approach depending on the diagnosis.

Vocal (Glottic) cord cancer is another type of vocal cord lesion. These cancers tend to stay in the vocal cord until the later stages. These cancers are often treated with endoscopic and laser surgery as a stand-alone treatment especially when they are caught early. These cancers are most often diagnosed in smokers; however, non-smokers can be affected as well.The doctors at Shea clinic are well-versed and experienced in treatment of glottic cancer.

A reactive vocal cord lesion forms as a mass of one vocal cord produces an irritation lesion on the opposite vocal cord. The condition results from a repeated injury or trauma subjected to the opposite vocal cord. Once the main mass is removed or resolved, then the reactive lesion usually resolves spontaneously.

In some cases speech or voice therapy may be the main initial treatment of a vocal cord lesion. Voice therapy with experienced professionals often accompanies the recovery process regardless of the type of vocal lesion or its main initial treatment.

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